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Maryland Third Party Liability Laws

Vicarious liability, also knows as third party liability, is an area of Maryland personal injury law that imposes liability on a person for the actions of another. It imputes the wrongful conduct of the person or entity who caused the accident to a third party. This third party is considered to be legally responsible for the tortfeasor’s actions. The third party liability arises out of a special relationship commonly referred to as the principal-agent (example: employer-employee, parent-children, joint venture). Third party liability is common in all types of accident and injury claims in Maryland including car accident, motorcycle accidents, trucking accidents, workers’ comp claims and defective product claims. If you have been injured in Maryland it will benefit you significantly if you consult with an experienced Maryland car accident injury lawyer who has an in depth knowledge of Maryland third party liability laws.

Contact our Baltimore accident lawyers today for a free consultation. They serve all of Maryland including Annapolis, Landover, Ocean City, Frederick and Bel Air, MD. Read on to learn more about Maryland third party liability laws and how our Baltimore Maryland car accident lawyers can help you file an auto accident claim against any and all liable parties for your injury/injuries, lost wages, medical benefits, physical pain and emotional suffering.

Vicarious Liability In Maryland Auto Accidents

Under Maryland law a person can be responsible for a car accident injury even if he/she was not in the car under the legal doctrine of vicarious liability. For example, if an employee runs a red light and hits another car while driving the company vehicle during work hours, the employer may be responsible for damages caused by the employee’s negligent conduct. The key here is to look at the relationship the parties has between each other to see if an principal-agent relationship exist. If it is present, the principal can be held liable for the acts of his/her agent.

Sue asked her parents to drive their brand new Porsche to prom. Her parents agreed. Sue picked up her friend Jane on the way to prom. As Sue was entering the freeway, she loss control of the vehicle and struck the car beside her. Jane suffered injuries as well as the other driver. The driver and Jane both sued Sue’s parents for damages as a result of Sue’s negligence under the doctrine of vicarious liability.

Maryland Personal Injury Claim Third Party Liability Laws

Personal injury vicarious liability claims usually arise in parent-child relationship scenarios. Under common law, parents are not usually liable for their child’s torts due to the parent-child relationship. Liability usually arises under the following circumstances:

  1. The child’s negligent actions were committed during the scope of employment while working for his/her parent;
  2. The child’s negligent actions were committed during a joint venture with his/her parents;
  3. The child’s negligent actions were committed as the parent’s agent while carrying out a mission on their behalf; or
  4. The child negligently drove his/her parent’s automobile with their consent.

If one of the above scenarios occur, the plaintiff can file suit against the child and parents.

Contact A Baltimore Maryland Accident Attorney

Contact our Maryland vicarious liability attorneys for a free consultation regarding your personal injury claim. Our attorneys will gather facts regarding your case and provide you with guidance on how to best proceed. They charge no fee unless they recover on your behalf.